HISTORY OF HYDROPONICS
We all are curious to know on how the many practices that we follow today have commenced and have evolved over the years. We are always keen about knowing the history and the background of the emergence of various technologies. In this blog we are go have a brief look into the emergence of the HYDROPONICS.
HYDROPONICS in simple refers to the practice of growing plants only using water, nutrients and a growing medium. Hydroponics has been practiced for much longer time frame than most of us think it is. For this let me divide the time frame into different eras for better comprehension.
- i) The ancient world
The reference of time dates back to the times Before Christ. Yes you heard it right. In fact it was considered as the wonders of the world. According to Hellenic culture, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon built by the great emperor Nebuchadnezzar II was among the seven wonders of the ancient world. Without soil available in the arid desert, they may be the first example of successful hydroponics in the world. Later in the 10th century, the Aztecs were reportedly using floating gardens in nearby lakes. In around 13th century the Chinese had utilized this method of growing for the cultivation of rice in rice fields devoid of soil.
- ii) The post medieval times
By the 16th century scientific studies began to gain momentum. Belgian Jan Van Helmont recorded the earliest known scientific research on Hydroponics. He studied and learned that water provided plants the nutrients that they needed for growth and nourishment. In 1699, John Woodward, building on the previous work of Jan Van Helmont created the world’s first hydroponics solution after confirming the fact that plant growth is benefited by the nutrients in the water consumed by the plant.
The 20th century witnessed a flurry of studies in various fields of science and technology. In the late 1920s, Dr. William F Gericke of the University of California extended further laboratory experiments to further study, experiment and researched on water based nutrition for plants and the possibilities of commercialization of hydroponic agriculture. It was he who coined the term HYDROPONICS which was derived from two Greek words hydro meaning water and ponos which meant labour. His work has served as a basis for the foundation for the discipline of hydroponics and a basis for modern hydroponic growth.
HYDROPONICS IN TODAY’S SMART WORLD
Studies and technological advancements in hydroponics have drastically developed over the last century. Today most of us are aware that healthy plants require water, sunlight, carbon dioxide and nutrients to thrive. We have seen the modernization that has changed the face of the agricultural realm. Technology has advanced to allow the monitoring and automation of many aspects of modern hydroponics. The efficient utilization of environmental controllers allows growers to monitor the essential data that is very pivotal for the growth and developments of plants by enabling the monitoring of essential data like heat, carbon dioxide and light levels. By combining monitoring with full automation of factors like irrigation, airflow, lighting, the smart Hydroponics farm is far more efficient than their predecessors. The use of agricultural technology has improved the benefits of hydroponics , including quicker growth cycles, increased yields, and a reduction in resource wastes etc, just to list a few.
As technology continues to play a role in how we grow, hydroponics’ future looks as crystal as the water plants thrive in. Technology is rapidly developing and we can expect much advanced hydroponic technologies to overtake the present technologies in the near future. Hope this blog has given you a brief insight on the history and development of hydroponics.
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